It is quite probable that nowhere else in the world, as has been the case in Herzegovina, have the Franciscans adopted so literally and sincerely the ideals of St. Francis. Here, together with their people, they have carried the heavy cross on which these countries have been crucified throughout history.
The foreign pilgrim who spends some time in Medjugorje, a small village and important sanctuary in western Herzegovina, will note the interaction between temporal and spiritual forces which dates back to the 14th century when, in 1340, in Assisi, the Bosnian vicariate was founded, though some Franciscans were already at work in these parts well before. The primary reason for their arrival was to uproot the heresy of Bosnian Christians.
Even though we do not have more accurate historical data, the Franciscans have been present on Herzegovinian soil since the 14th century and their monasteries in Konjic, Mostar and Ljubuski were built in the first half of the 15th century…